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PBHL3040/PBHL3042: Health Research Methods: APA Style

APA, 7th edition

A copy of this book is always available at the Reference Desk.  Stop by and ask for it!

  Why and How to Cite

A good scholar cites the source of information whenever using another person's ideas, opinion or theory. A good scholar also provides citations for any facts, statistics, graphs, or drawings that are obtained from another source. Quotations of another person's actual spoken or written word, and paraphrases of another person's spoken or written words should also be cited.

For additional information about citing sources and avoiding plagiarism, try any or all of the following:

Missing Citation Info?

Missing Issue Number?

If you're creating a full citation from a print or PDF copy of an article, or if the citation created by the database looks incomplete, you may need to do some detective work to make sure that you have everything you need to cite correctly.

The most common problem with print/PDF versions is a missing issue number.  While you may assume that the article just doesn't have one, you might be surprised.

There are a few ways that you can confirm this information:

  • Search for the journal name using the Journals A-Z option on our homepage, then use the citation to browse for the article in one of our databases.  
  • Use the Search All option on our homepage to search for the article title (in quotes) to find it in one of our databases.

The Cite tool in the database should show you whether an issue number (or other missing information) is available.

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