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Digitial Initiatives: Definitions



crosswalk - in the management of metadata, a human-generated chart or diagram indicating equivalencies and relationships between the data elements of two or more metadata standards, for example, between FGDC content standards for digital geospatial metadata and USMARC. Crosswalks enable search engines to operate across databases that use dissimilar record formats. (Reitz, 2013)


digital curation - involves maintaing, preserving and adding value to digital research data through its lifecycle. (Digital Curation Center)

- a set of processes that convert physical resources to a digital form or that create materials — such as a photos taken with a digital camera, or data collected by an electronic measuring device — in a digital format. (Smithsonian Institution, 2010, p. 3)


institutional repository - a set of services that a university offers to members of its community for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution and its community members. (Lynch, 2002, p. 2)


Digital Curation Center. What is digital curation? Retrieved from

Lynch, C. (2003, February). Institutional repositories: Essential infrastructure for scholarship in the digital age. ARL Bimonthly Report 226, 1-7. Retrieved from

Reitz, J.M. (2013, January 10). ODLIS: Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science. Retrieved from

Smithsonian Institution. (2010). Creating a Digital Smithonian: Digitization Strategic Plan. Retrieved from