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SPED6290: Current Issues in Special Education: Citing in APA format (7th edition)

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Sample citations

The attached document shows the layout for citations. On the second page it shows sample citations, as well as how a reference list should look. Please note the spacing.

Before you turn in your paper!

Before you turn in your paper compare the Reference List with the content of the paper.

  • Make sure that ALL the items in the Reference list are cited in the paper, and
  • ALL the items cited in the paper are in the Reference list.

All citations in the text and the Reference list should match.

APA 7th Edition Is Here!

Check Your Editions!

The American Psychological Association recently released it's updated 7th edition to it Publication Manual.  Because this is a relatively new update, you may find that some courses are still using the 6th edition.  Therefore, resources for both may be available.

Please be very careful when using online (or print) citation resources to ensure that they represent the edition you have been asked to use.

The Library's Citation Resources page lists a number of APA resources, although most are for the earlier edition.  Until APA 7th edition has become widely adopted, you will likely find resources for both editions on this page.

Using RefWorks will help to keep your references consistent to the correct edition.

General format for APA citations

Author's name: Last name, first initial, e.g. Banks, J. A.

Date of publication: Usually just the year in parentheses, followed by a period, e.g. (2008). When including additional information for newspapers, etc., start with the year, e.g. (2009, July 16). If no date is available, use (n.d.).

Title of article: Capitalize first word of title and subtitle. Period at the end, e.g. Conjuring cut scores: How it distorts our picture of student achievement.

Title of book: Italicize and capitalize first word of title and subtitle. Period at the end, e.g. Improving multicultural education: Lessons from the intergroup education movement. 

Journal information: Italicize and capitalize all important words in the title. Italicize volume number. Issue number goes in parentheses (not italicized). Include beginning and ending page numbers of journal article, e.g. Journal of Research in Reading, 31(4), 20-28.

With the exception of web site information or DOI's (Digital Object Identifier) all citations should end with a period.

Double space all citations in Reference list. Do not increase spacing between citations. Indent second line of citation to show separation.

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