You must cite your source of information any time you use another person’s ideas, opinion or theory. You must also provide citations for any facts, statistics, graphs, or drawings that are not common knowledge. Quotations of another person's actual spoken or written word and paraphrases of another person's spoken or written words must also be cited.
RefWorks is a web-based, personalized system for managing citations and notes for research projects of any size. It can be used to add citation records from online catalogs, databases and other sources, as well as to produce bibliographies formatted in any major style. RefWorks can be accessed from the Databases link on the main Library page. Refworks has a number of tutorials that can be viewed here: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCzmTj_AGeY59VoNv-0SvcCg
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise® (MSSE®) is the official journal of the American College of Sports Medicine and is published monthly.
The reference list shall be in order of citation (rather than in alphabetic order) and numbered. There shall not be more than 40 references for original investigations. Review articles are limited to 75 references. All references shall appear in the text. Examples of the types of references are as follows
Website home page:
An abstract can be cited when it is the only source of information.*
*If you are in ExPh370: check with your instructor about whether or not you can cite an abstract for your assignment.
Letter to the Editor:
Non Refereed Journal/Magazine:
Note: In-text reference citations shall be baseline in parentheses, not superscripts [e.g., (14,15), not 14,15]. Personal Internet Web sites, Master of Science theses, personal communications, or other unpublished material are not acceptable as references. All book references require page numbers. Journal abbreviations should follow the abbreviations of Index Medicus published by the Library of Congress. Use of et al.—If fewer than seven (7) authors are listed, all should be mentioned. When seven or more authors are named, list only the first three.
Style information obtained from the Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Onllne submission and review system http://edmgr.ovid.com/msse/accounts/ifauth.htm
Purdue University's Online Writing Lab has one of the best websites devoted to academic writing and citing sources. With definitions and examples, visit the site to learn how to create an annotated bibliography.